Lost Games Wiki:Glossary

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The Glossary is a list of gaming and wiki terms frequently used on the Lost Games Wiki. This does not include information related to specific games.

Glossary: # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

#[edit]

A[edit]

Administrator
Also known as Sysops or Admins, Administrators are users given deletion, blocking, protection, and other rights. Administrators are responsible for maintaining the wiki, as well as removing any users who cause problems for others. Also used as an umbrella term for all promoted ranks (such as Bureaucrats).
Alpha
An alpha build of a game is an early version that still has new features being added to it. Not to be confused with a beta or a release candidate.

B[edit]

Beta
A beta build of a game is a later version that has few, if any new features being added. Beta builds are usually being tested for bugs, and are generally mostly complete. Not to be confused with an alpha or a release candidate.
Beta elements
Beta elements are sprites, music, text, and other content stored in a game's data despite not actually being used anywhere ingame.
Bit rot
Bit rot (also known as data rot) is a phenomenon in which data, such as game data on a cartridge, gradually decays over time. This is usually due to EPROM chips gradually being erased due to accidental exposure to ultraviolet light. As a result, it is extremely important that game data is dumped so it can be properly preserved.
Bootleg
An unlicensed copy of a licensed game, occasionally with minor edits.
Bug
Another term for a glitch.

C[edit]

D[edit]

Dump
ROM dumping is the process in which game data is copied from its original location (such as a game cartridge), and saved as a playable ROM image.

E[edit]

Easter egg
Content intentionally hidden in a game's data, intended to be found by people going through the game's code.
EPROM
Short for "erasable programmable read-only memory", EPROM chips are a type of programmable ROM chip that can be erased and reused. Erasure is caused by ultraviolet light entering through the small window on the surface of the chip, though this can be staved off by covering the window with a sticker.

F[edit]

G[edit]

Gamma
Another name for a release candidate.
Glitch
A glitch, also known as a bug, is a programming error in a video game that results in unintended behavior, ranging from minor issues such as incorrect sprite animation, to more serious ones such as the entire game crashing.

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

Licensed
Licensed games are games made with the consent of the console manufacturer, assuming the console has a licensing system in place. Some consoles, such as the Atari 2600, do not have a licensing system in place, and as a result, their games cannot be classified as licensed or unlicensed.

M[edit]

N[edit]

NTSC
Short for "National Television System Committee", the NTSC television format is used primarily for games released in North America and Japan, though it's gradually becoming obsolete. Games released for NTSC regions cannot be played on PAL-formatted consoles. This is primarily because of region locking, though gameplay and localization differences may be present between the NTSC and PAL versions of a game.

O[edit]

P[edit]

PAL
Short for "Phase Alternating Line", the PAL television format is used primarily for games released in Europe and Australia, though it's gradually becoming obsolete. Games released for PAL regions cannot be played on NTSC-formatted consoles. This is primarily because of region locking, though gameplay and localization differences may be present between the NTSC and PAL versions of a game.
Port
A game originally released for a previous console that is re-released for a different one with little to no changes in gameplay.
Prototype
An early build of a game.

Q[edit]

R[edit]

Region locking
The practice of ensuring that games released in one region cannot be played in another. This is usually done to enforce the planned release date, control the price of a game in a certain region, prevent users from accessing content that would be censored in their region, or because the distributor doesn't have the rights to certain intellectual property outside of a specific region.
Release candidate
A release candidate, also known as a gamma build, is essentially a completed game. Not to be confused with an alpha or a beta.
ROM image
A ROM image (or just ROM) is a type of file which contains a copy of the data from a ROM chip, such as from a video game cartridge. The term is typically used in the context of emulation, in which older games are copied to ROM files and run on modern computers through the use of an emulator.

S[edit]

Stub
An article that is missing key information, regardless of length. A list of stubs can be seen here.
Sysop
Another term for Administrators.

T[edit]

Trivia
Miscellaneous facts that don't fit anywhere in the article itself, and have their own section at the very end of the page.

U[edit]

Unlicensed
Unlicensed games are games made without the consent of the console manufacturer, assuming the console has a licensing system in place. Some consoles, such as the Atari 2600, do not have a licensing system in place, and as a result, their games cannot be classified as licensed or unlicensed.

V[edit]

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X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]