Lost Games Wiki:Citation Policy

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This policy covers the guidelines of citing sources in articles.

Why are sources necessary?

On the Lost Games Wiki, most of our information originates from gaming magazines, press reports, official and unofficial websites, and prototypes of games. However, none of this information can be verified as correct unless you cite sources.

If a game's ROM is publicly available, you usually don't need to cite sources for information taken directly from the game, such as screenshots of gameplay. However, most information on the wiki is harder to verify, and therefore needs a citation.

Additionally, false information about unreleased games is very common (hence the List of nonexistent games). It's important to make sure that sources you use are as credible as possible. Generally, you should avoid using wikis as sources, since their info can be edited by anyone. If another wiki cites a source, it's better to cut out the middleman and reference the more official source.

How to format references

When citing a written source, quote it and state the name of the publication. For example:

"Don't go rushing to an NES shelf to find Steel Empire. Although we listed it as an NES game, it is built for Genesis." GamePro, July 1992.

To cite online sources, you include an external link to the website with the website name, and the date when the reference was retrieved. Additionally, temporary webpages such as Ebay listings should be archived with either archive.org or archive.is, and the archive should be used as the source.

Lost Levels. Retrieved June 13, 2016.

How to add references

To add references, use <ref></ref> and <references/>.

Let's use The Adventures of Dewey the Dolphin as an example. It contains information from an issue of Electronic Gaming Monthly:

The Adventures of Dewey the Dolphin is a cancelled NES game announced in Electronic Gaming Monthly.[1]

The bottom of the page features the "References" section, where the reader can see the source of this text:

  1. "Swim through the depths of the ocean watching out for all of the hungry fish who are looking for a tasty morsel for dinner. Meet up with Neptune, the Ocean god." Electronic Gaming Monthly, issue 13 (page 72).

When looking at the page's source, you can see that the reference isn't actually placed at the end of the article under the "References" header, but directly in the text:

'''''The Adventures of Dewey the Dolphin''''' is a cancelled NES game announced in ''Electronic Gaming Monthly''.<ref>"Swim through the depths of the ocean watching out for all of the hungry fish who are looking for a tasty morsel for dinner. Meet up with Neptune, the Ocean god." ''Electronic Gaming Monthly'', issue 13.</ref>

At the end of the article, under the "References" header, there's only one line of text:

==References==
<references/>

As you can see, the citation given between the <ref></ref> text is automatically placed wherever the <references/> anchor is put in the text.

In longer articles, it might be necessary to reference the same source multiple times. Instead of posting the same source over and over, you can reuse your previous citation as many times as necessary. To do this, you need to give names to your references:

If you give multiple references the same name,<ref name="test">Only
the description in the first reference with the name is
shown</ref> they will have the same number.<ref name="test"/>

The first time you cite the reference, you have to use the name= parameter to give a short, relevant name (e.g. "egm" for Electronic Gaming Monthly). To cite the reference again, you only need to use a <ref/> tag with the same name. Both references will then have the same number, and share an entry under the "References" header, with links to every part of the article where they were mentioned:

If you give two or more references the same name,[2]

they will have the same number.[2]
[...]

2. ^ a b Only the description in the first ref with the name (that is, a) is shown

Requesting a source

Use the {{refneeded}} template for any statements that require sources. This includes information from magazines, statements from reviewers, obscure or difficult to verify in-game content (including glitches), beta elements, and dubious-sounding information in general. The template is used like this:

''Bio Force Ape'' was originally named ''Crack Buster''.{{refneeded}}

The result is this (with the link leading back to this page):

Bio Force Ape was originally named Crack Buster.[citation needed]

References should never be removed. If a website being used as a reference ceases to exist, either link to an archived version (if possible), replace the link, or add {{deadlink}} after the source. When citing a magazine or book, it's important to mention the page number. If the page number isn't mentioned, add {{pageneeded}} as a reminder to editors to add the necessary information.